Expenditure on professional and consultancy fees at £34.8m was £4.1m above budget as a result of additional legal costs of £2.5m relating to claims including Chancery Lane and the Northern Line tripcocks. Operational consultancy was overspent by £2.4m in connection with work to ensure that line upgrades were achieved.
Expenditure on professional and consultancy fees at £40.8m was £10.0m above budget as a result of the additional requirements for IT and engineering consultancy services particularly for the Tour De France (£2m), Traffic control infrastructure (£2m), TLRN cycling (£3m), Road network management support (£2m) and Road network scheme design (£2m).
Expenditure on professional and consultancy fees at £28.9m was £7.0m above budget as a result of the acceleration of the Stratford International Station project as well as legal and corporate finance consultant costs for the refranchise of the North London Railway (NLR). The budget for the letting of the NLR concession assumed that there would be a separate East London Line (ELL) concession, however, during the year it was agreed to include the operation of the NLR and ELL under a single concession agreement.
Expenditure on professional and consultancy fees at £60.6m was £13.6m above budget as a result of additional expenditure on the Business Improvement Programme - primarily new projects to enhance the functionality and efficiencies delivered by the SAP system.